Where is randomness needed to break the square-root bottleneck?


Patrick Kuppinger, Giuseppe Durisi, and Helmut Bölcskei


Proc. of IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT), Austin, TX, pp. 1578-1582, June 2010.

DOI: 10.1109/ISIT.2010.5513456

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As shown by Tropp, 2008, for the concatenation of two orthonormal bases (ONBs), breaking the square-root bottleneck in compressed sensing does not require randomization over all the positions of the nonzero entries of the sparse coefficient vector. Rather the positions corresponding to one of the two ONBs can be chosen arbitrarily. The two-ONB structure is, however, restrictive and does not reveal the property that is responsible for allowing to break the bottleneck with reduced randomness. For general dictionaries we show that if a sub-dictionary with small enough coherence and large enough cardinality can be isolated, the bottleneck can be broken under the same probabilistic model on the sparse coefficient vector as in the two-ONB case.


Compressed sensing, square-root bottleneck, probabilistic sampling

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