# Crystallization in large wireless networks

### Authors

Veniamin I. Morgenshtern and Helmut BĂ¶lcskei### Reference

*IEEE Transactions on Information Theory*, Vol. 53, No. 10, pp. 3319-3349, Oct. 2007.

[BibTeX, LaTeX, and HTML Reference]

### Abstract

We analyze fading interference relay networks where M single-antenna source-destination terminal pairs communicate concurrently and in the same frequency band through a set of K single-antenna relays using half-duplex two-hop relaying. Assuming that the relays have channel state information (CSI), it is shown that in the large-M limit, provided K grows fast enough as a function of M, the network "decouples" in the sense that the individual source-destination terminal pair capacities are strictly positive. The corresponding required rate of growth of K as a function of M is found to be sufficient to also make the individual source-destination fading links converge to nonfading links. We say that the network "crystallizes" as it breaks up into a set of effectively isolated "wires in the air". A large-deviations analysis is performed to characterize the "crystallization" rate, i.e., the rate (as a function of M,K) at which the decoupled links converge to nonfading links. In the course of this analysis, we develop a new technique for characterizing the large-deviations behavior of certain sums of dependent random variables. For the case of no CSI at the relay level, assuming amplify-and-forward relaying, we compute the per source-destination terminal pair capacity for M,K->\infty, with K/M->\beta fixed, using tools from large random matrix theory.### Keywords

Amplify-and-forward, capacity scaling, crystallization, distributed orthogonalization, interference relay network, large-deviations theory, large random matrices, large wireless networks

Download this document:

Copyright Notice: © 2007 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.